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Walsingham Mill
The Old Mill
Cokers Hill
Little Walsingham
Norfolk
NR22 6BN
England

Purveyors of quality original antique 16th, 17th, 18th and 19th Century oak and country furniture, fine art and decorative period items

Opening Times: see news below

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07551 383897

Walsingham Mill:

01328 821763


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News

02/12/18 - OPENING HOURS FOR THE MILL FOR WEEK COMMENCING 9/12/18

WINTER OPENING HOURS NOW APPLY

SUNDAY - CLOSED

MONDAY - CLOSED

TUESDAY - CLOSED

WEDNESDAY - OPEN 11AM to 4PM

THURSDAY - OPEN 11AM TO 4PM

FRIDAY - OPEN 11AM TO 4PM

SATURDAY - OPEN 11AM TO 4PM

PLEASE NOTE WE ARE STILL CONTACTABLE 24/7 VIA THE WEBSITE DURING AND OUTSIDE THESE HOURS.

Early 19th Century Napoleonic Prisoner of War Work Antique Miniature Bone Spade

Information

A charming Napoleonic bone-work miniature spade with wonderful scratch-carved decoration to the front and verso.

During the Napoleonic Wars over one hundred thousand prisoners were held captive in Britain and many of them supplemented their meagre rations by earning money from selling objects carefully carved from the bones of their mutton stew. From 1796 to 1816 ten thousand men were held at the camp at Norman Cross near Peterborough. The camp kitchen cooked the stew in a cauldron five feet across and three feet deep. The bone would be collected and submerged in wet clay until it became pliable enough to use. Encouraged by the authorities, the prisoners formed artisan guilds and produced articles such as this guillotine, which they would sell in the civilian market periodically held at the camp. Occasionally, a particularly skilled artist would be privately commissioned to carve a work. Access to material was restricted and often their collection of sheep and beef bones ran out so they would supplement their supplies with human bones uncovered by roving pigs in the shallow graves clustered around the camp.

Many of the prisoners learned English, some married local girls and a few through making and selling products of their skill amassed small fortunes by the end of the war.

BACKGROUND TO THE NAPOLEONIC WARS

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, primarily led and financed by the United Kingdom. The wars resulted from the unresolved disputes associated with the French Revolution and the Revolutionary Wars, which had raged on for years before concluding with the Treaty of Amiens in 1802. The resumption of hostilities the following year paved the way for more than a decade of constant warfare often categorized into five conflicts: the War of the Third Coalition (1805), the War of the Fourth Coalition (1806–7), the War of the Fifth Coalition (1809), the War of the Sixth Coalition (1813), and the War of the Seventh Coalition (1815). The Napoleonic Wars had profound consequences for global and European history, leading to the spread of nationalism and liberalism, the rise of the British Empire as the world's premier power, the independence movements in Latin America and the collapse of the Spanish Empire, the fundamental reorganization of German and Italian territories into larger states, and the establishment of radically new methods in warfare.

Condition - Good as per images.

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